The CREATE Act has amended § 103 of the Patent Act to expand the definition of common ownership such that a claimed invention is deemed to be commonly owned with other subject matter when the two arise from the same “joint research agreement.” With the CREATE Act, Congress intended to promote research among inventive entities, but instead, Congress has relaxed the conditions for patentability to the point where a contract can circumvent an obviousness inquiry.
Shane M. Popp, The Third Door Is Off The Hinges: A Prospective Study On The Effects Of The Create Act Against Federal Patent Policies, 4 J. Marshall Rev. Intell. Prop. L. 597 (2005)