This article presents a summary of the 1995 European Union Data Protection Directive, including a description of the provisions of the directive, general rules on lawfulness, rights of the individuals, remedies, and affect on the laws of the member states. The historical background and development of the Directive is also covered, including the first data protection laws and activities of the Council of Europe and United Nations.
Ulrich U. Wuermeling, Harmonisation of European Union Privacy Law, 14 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 411 (1996)