The author provides a brief overview of Spain’s intellectual property protection of software. The author discusses Act 22/87 which is the foundation of copyright law in Spain and regulates all kinds of works; literary, artistic, and scientific. In Spain, copyright laws protect computer programs as literary works. The broad definition of a "computer program" includes the object code as well as the source code, operating system programs, the microcode within the central processing unit, and the programming language and interface. As a member of the European Community (EC), Spain enacted "Directive 91/250" for legal protection of computer programs. The author comments on the lack of uniformity in Spain’s intellectual property laws and the problems associated in harmonizing its laws the EC.
Hugo Ecija, Intellectual Property Protection for Software in Spain, 14 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 767 (1996)