The internet is expanding. As users become more computer literate, the world becomes more reliant on the virtual one. The internet and wireless communications have fostered global commerce on an unprecedented scale. Because it lacks boundaries, cyberspace is difficult for regulate with traditional methods of governance. Security, privacy, and integrity of information are thus available to only a minority of users in restricted communities. Outside, users are on their own or must rely on the partial solutions available to them. To date, there is no consensus on what security, privacy, and integrity of information really mean. The internet needs a privacy architecture that can assure information reliability, security, privacy, and integrity. Without such assurances, users will have no assurance of that their private information confidential and restricts personal autonomy. Without them, there can be no guarantee of such autonomy or the unimpeded use of the Internet.
Paul Toscano, Toward an Architecture of Privacy for the Virtual World, 19 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 151 (2000)