The first section of this paper will explain what fatwâs are, why they are important, and what is the relationship between fatwâs and the Islamic judiciary. This section will also address who can issue such opinions and how scholars reach their conclusions. In the second part of this paper, I will explore the recent emergence of cyber fatwâs. This section specifically will focus on how Muslims have used this medium and how fatwâs have manifested themselves therein. The third portion of this paper will identity the problems that cyber fatwâs create and why they fail to comport with particular tenets of Islamic jurisprudence, while underscoring their existence and raising awareness about these issues so that Muslims can escape their perils and pitfalls.
Derek John Illar, Cyber Fatwās and Classical Islamic Jurisprudence, 27 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 577 (2010)