The development of global intellectual property rights (“IPRs”) can lead to complex issues regarding conformity with international standards of IP protection and enforcement. Although each country willing to become a WTO signatory is tasked with the development of such a regime, each country’s domestic affairs and economic survival competes with the burden of adhering to those international standards. This struggle provides the potential for many countries to confuse the boundaries of protection and create a fog of marginal infringement. In China, this fog is heavier because of local protectionism and judicial disincentives to enforce IPRs.
Randal S. Alexander, China's Struggle To Maintain Economic Viability While Enforcing International And Domestic Intellectual Property Rights, 4 J. Marshall Rev. Intell. Prop. L. 608 (2005)